By mid-December 1918, it was clear that a second wave of the flu was indeed hitting Fresno. But many people did not want to shut down again.

We often trip over historical analogies when trying to interpret the present. But the French writer offered a different way of thinking about time.

As students returned to school and theaters reopened, was a second wave of the deadly virus about to hit Fresno?

The pandemic wanes, the world begins to reopen — but in December 1918, was a second wave about to hit?

Churches, flu masks, theatrical fare, and some hungry Fresnans. How does the crisis finally unwind?

Fresnans impatiently wait to reopen their city. But has the flu been thwarted?

The people of Fresno try to figure out how to celebrate the end of the Great War — without reviving the flu epidemic.

The question, Milanich argues, is not “Who is the father?” but rather, “Who do we want him to be?”